What have you learned thus far?
Unit 1: Studying Sociology, The Fundamentals
Main ideas "TAKEN AWAY" from Sociology Lecture:
- social norms and social institutions govern our lives
- history affects those norms: shapes our values and interactions with others
- a way of looking at life and the world around you
4 assumptions of sociology:
- humans are social beings and part of social groups, and we like to interact with others as we organize ourselves in groups.
- individuals experiences are socially determined: the way you act, the way you were raised, predispositions
- identity is socially bestowed: how other people see us and view us in their eyes.
- we create,sustain, and create social forms: our actions shape our lives and the others lives around us. People make up social groups, social structures shape our lives in society. We have to be the change - continuous interaction makes social change possible( through collective action- is not a simple process/ takes time). (Ex: Marriage Equality)
- What is the Sociological Imagination? How does it help you to examine the human social world? What are personal troubles/ public issues?
- What is Conflict Theory? How does it help you to examine the human social world?
Unit 2 Social Class
- What did you learn as a result of the in class exercise on Tuesday 2/5?
- Budgeting is hard, financial instability is REAL, kids are expensive, pets costs money, schools(Montessori schools education quality matters when it comes to a child's life chances), costs of transportation, Health insurance= access to these things depends on how much your household income is.
- What about the bare necessities? Personal needs? Car insurance? Not even a consideration if your household income was not substantial enough- must have to accept doing without.
- How did you use your Sociological Imagination to be able to complete the exercise?
Key terms/"take aways" from lecture:
Section 141: 11 am class
- Most people assume that there are 3 SOCIAL CLASSES- LOWER, MIDDLE AND HIGHER
- SOCIAL CLASS IS BASED ON INCOME/ Household income
- AWARENESS OF SOCIAL CLASS STATUS OCCURS IN MIDDLE SCHOOL- INDIVIDUALS START TO TAKE NOTICE OF DIFFERENCES THEY EXPERIENCE ON THEIR OWN
- MANY PEOPLE DON'T HAVE CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF SOCIAL CLASS- BROAD CATEGORY "THE MIDDLE" - often see themselves there.
- SOCIAL STATUS "MARKERS" - ECONOMIC= WHERE THEY LIVE, BUY/MATERIAL POSSESSIONS, SOCIAL GROUPS, THAT THEY ARE A PART OF SCHOOLS, EDUCATION/JOB
- RACE/ETHNICITY- DEPENDS ON HOW YOU GROW UP, SOCIAL LOCATION, EXPOSURE TO DIFFERENCE
- "CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION" - PERFORMING STATUS( INCREASE YOUR ECONOMIC STATUS), DETERMINED BY WHAT YOU BUY (ex: Air pods, Apple Products, Lulu Lemon, NIKE/JORDANS, YEEZY'S, PURSE(MICHAEL KORS), CARS, KENDRA SCOTT/JAMES AVERY, JAMES CHARLES)
- EVERYONE PARTICIPATES IN IT WHETHER WE ARE AWARE OF IT OR NOT = STATUS MAXIMIZATION, DEPENDING ON THE SOCIAL CONTEXT YOU ARE IN, YOU WILL FIND DIFFERENT WAYS OF DOING THAT.
Section 140: 1 pm class
- Social class- some people don't know what they are, there tends to be three(lower, middle, high)
- Most people place themselves in the "Middle"
- Dominant patterns based on the data- most people try to maximize their social class/ social status-
- How do people try to maximize their social status/class?
- Meet certain criteria, income= determines what a individual can buy; credibility
- Social markers/ social cues that we adopt to perform our social status- consumer- participate in conspicuous consumption- performance of social class/status (Ex: Air pods, IPhone? X, Michael Kors purses, James Avery/Kendra Scott,RTIC/YETI)
- Educational Attainment/ School Systems, Job/income, Race/Ethncity, Family Dynamics, Culture,/religion, Social Location(where you live/where you are from) DETERMINE YOUR LIFE CHANCES