Essay #2 Taken DIRECTLY from the study guide!

Compare and contrast the views of the Federalists and the Republicans (from Washington’s first administration through the Jefferson administrations) on the proper interpretation of constitution, the role of the national government, the economy, and foreign policy. Explain their positions, providing specific examples of actions taken while their party controlled the presidency. Using the lectures, the essay on Alexander Hamilton and Benjamin Bache, and the primary source documents by Hamilton and Jefferson (on the national bank as well as the Louisiana Purchase) to write a complete answer.

I. Introduction/ Context (Hint: How might the CONTEXT for Essay question#1 help you with your introduction for this question?)

The Federalist Party and the Republican Party emerged out of the debate over the ratification of the Constitution. After the Constitution had been ratified, two distinct and organized political parties formed and began to debate over the INTERPRETATION of the Constitution. As the Constitution and the accompanying Bill of Rights became law of the land; both groups became concerned about the amount of power the new federal government has over the new nation and its citizens.

II. Compare and contrast the views of the Federalists and the Republicans. In what ways were the two parties views similar? Both political parties wanted a better government and a stronger economy. Both parties also believed that their way of doing things was the best way to accomplish each of these goals.

III. In what ways were the two parties views DIFFERENT?

IV. When the Federalists controlled the presidency (during Washington and Adams' administrations) what were the Federalists' goals?

  • What did they argue was the proper interpretation of constitution?

-Loose interpretation, implied powers

  • What did they argue the role of the national government should be?

-promote commerce & manufacturing -fear anarchy and foreign tyranny

  • What should segment of the the economy should develop and why?

-commerce & manufacturing to be self sufficient

  • What was their approach to foreign policy? How did they deal with foreign nations?

-supported England, wanted to protect against foreign tyranny, favored order

Make sure and explain their positions, providing specific examples of actions taken while their party controlled the presidency.

V. When the Republicans controlled the presidency (during Jefferson's administrations) what were the Republicans' goals? reduced federal spending

  • What did they argue was the proper interpretation of constitution? strict interpretation of the constitution
  • What did they argue the role of the national government should be? limited national government, power reserved to the states
  • What should segment of the the economy should develop and why? agriculture
  • What was their approach to foreign policy? How did they deal with foreign nations? support of the french revolution, because we had similar actions

Make sure and explain their positions, providing specific examples of actions taken while their party controlled the presidency. -LA purchase -reduced federal spending -alien and sedition acts expire -repealed the whiskey tax

VI. Conclusion: