Loyalist: Those who remain loyal and stand along side the ruler of government at all cost.

French and Indian War (Grant): A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763. The French and Indian War was the American phase of the Seven Years' War, which was then underway in Europe.

Stamp Act (Grace): In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act which was imposed on the American Colonists. With the new act, they were taxed on every printed paper such as legal documents, licenses, newspapers, etc. For every printed paper, they had to buy a British stamp to put on it. As a result, the Americans caused an uproar against it, which was one of the major causes of the revolution. The colonists were not mad about the price of the stamps, but the fact that taxes were usually used to regulate trade not to raise money for the government. They were more so offended of the idea and the standard it set than the actual cost. The Stamp Act later ended in 1776.

Townshend Revenue Acts: The Townshend revenue acts created taxes on goods imported into the colonies, like glass, oil, lead, paper, tea, and paint. The acts are named after Charles Townshend, the British treasurer. The British created these acts to tax the colonists more, because they could not afford anything after the war they just had. The acts were passed in 1767. Most colonists boycotted, so it ended up getting repealed in 1770. <<<<<<<

First Continental Congress (Reana): In 1774, the colonies held the First Continental Congress, a meeting of delegates from 12 colonies in Philadelphia, to discuss their response to the British "Intolerable Acts". The purpose of this meeting was to determine the rights of the colonists that were violated by the British Parliament and to come up with a plan to convince Britain to reestablish their rights. This is when they agreed to boycott British goods and agreed to meet again if changes weren't made.

Ann Hulton (Miranda): Ann Hulton is a British woman who lives in Boston and is a British official who works at the customs house in Boston. She works to provide initial information on Revolutionary events that occurred in Boston.

Bacon’s Rebellion (Payton): Within the year 1676, its was a rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon and Virginian colonist that consisted of indentured servants, some freeman and African slaves, against governor William Berkley. Berkley not allowing Bacon to kill more Indians and take their land lead to the rebellion wear Bacon murdered an immense amount of Native Americans and later took control of Virginia until the authorities in the mother country where informed of the uprising. But the most important thing was the shift away from the use of indentured servants to use of African slaves for labor.


Ben Franklin(Jaime): He invented Enlightenment, between 1728-1791, he believed in self-rule and used religion as an advantage, by encouraging people to use and follow his beliefs.

"Seasoning": the slaves that survived the death rates were known as seasoned. They were seasoned by the Europeans. The slaves that survived the diseases such as malaria were known as the seasoned and would command a higher price. >>>>>>> <<<<<<<

Navigation Act:(Summer): This was a series of acts passes by the British Parliament to expand their trade to the new colonies, but also to limit the trade of the colonies from trading with rival countries. This also allowed the British to places taxes on this trade. Even though these acts were passed, the colonists had salutary neglect and didn't pay these taxes. England didn't do much to enforce them either. But, after the treaty of Paris(1763), the British cracked down on the colonists. Which was a big catalysts for all the events leading up to the Revolution.


Jonathan Sewell (Sarah): He was a British Loyalist, he was a lawyer who chose to "sink or swim" with Britain. After the Boston "Massacre" it was Sewell's job to prosecute the soldiers, but in the citizens eyes whatever he did he would be wrong so he fled and went into exile. He was depressed and died in 1796. <<<<<<<

Las Casas (Leah): Bartolomé de Las Casas was a Spaniard who once took part in the ill treatment of Indians by being an encomendero, but as religion played a bigger part in his life, he later realized that it was wrong and dedicated the rest of his life to fighting the encomienda system. Las Casas argued against the Christian method of converting Indians through conquest, like Hernán Cortés, because you can force religion on someone but that doesn't mean they'll truly believe in it. In addition, the writings of Las Casas that described the Spanish conquests and the horrors that took place during them caused the "Black Legend", which was basically the idea that the Spaniards had the most blood on their hands out of all the Europeans in the new world. In short, Las Casas strongly believed in eliminating the encomienda system and that Indians should be able live independently.


Bacon’s Rebellion (Payton): Within the year 1676, its was a rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon and Virginian colonist that consisted of indentured servants, some freeman and African slaves, against governor William Berkley. Berkley not allowing Bacon to kill more Indians and take their land lead to the rebellion wear Bacon murdered an immense amount of Native Americans and later took control of Virginia until the authorities in the mother country where informed of the uprising. But the most important thing was the shift away from the use of indentured servants to African slaves for labor.

Jonathan Edwards (Regan-lynn)- He played a critical role in shaping the first great awakening. He also over saw some of the first revivals in 1733-1735 at his church in Northhampton Massachusetts. He appeals to people's emotions (pathos)

Halfway Covenant (Mary Sophia): During the time of the Puritan migration, there was a strong belief that all the members of the Puritan community should be a member of the church. Although this seemed like an easy enough task, it became increasingly harder to become a member of the church, so the Half-way Covenant of 1662 was created. It was know as a crisis of faith. The half-way covenant allowed for people who were not full on members of the church to be a partial member but not really a full blown member.

Habit of Self Rule (Seth)- The colonists gained the habit of self rule, causing them to feel like they were independent even though they were not. When the British started enforcing laws on the colonists, the colonists got angry because they felt like they were governing themselves before. It started when Parliament imposed taxation on the colonists, yet they ignore the law and don't really pay the taxes. The colonists also ignored the navigation act, which shows their sense of self rule. John Locke preached that the people made the government, again giving the colonists the sense of self rule.