- Who? Former southern planters, southern slaves, poor whites
- What? Land owners rent out land to former slaves and they work the land and give a percentage of their crop to the landowner. The land owner would provide housing, tools, and seeds. slavery by another name.
- When? late 1860's and 1870's
- Where? South
- Why is this concept significant? What does it help us to understand about the American past? African American families started to build. Laws preventing African Americans their freedom.