- Who? Andrew Johnson supported them, southern democrats- conservative southern govts.
- What? prevent Africa Americans from having true freedom- right to vote, right to an education,
- When? Post civil war, following the Civil War- election of 1876
- Where? American South
- Why is this concept significant? What does it help us to understand about the American past? Even after the CW, Southerners were resistant to give up their way of life, race was critical factor in establishing order in the south- laws were based on white supremacy.