PDF copy of Rediker's Chapter Four

PDF copy of Rediker's Chapter Five

PDF copy of Rediker's Chapter Six

Chapter 4

  • What facets of the ship astonished Equiano?
  • In what ways was the use of language a means of resistance for the enslaved?
  • What was Equiano's strategy of resistance while on board the ship?
  • How did Equiano make an effort to maintain his identity, culture?
  • What type of separations did Equiano experience? How did he respond to his dispossession?

Chapter 5

  • Describe Stanfield and his background. Why is he the most suitable person to write about the slave trade?
  • According to Stanfield, where was the first link in the chain of enslavement forged?
  • In what unscrupulous ways were sailors lured or captured to work aboard a slave ship? What cruelties did they experience?
  • What dual role were sailors like Stanfield expected to fulfill?
  • How did Stanfield depict Africans (and their societies) that he made contact with? Offer specific examples.

Chapter 6

  • Who is John Newton? How is he connected to Equiano and Stanfield?
  • What were the circumstances surrounding his own enslavement?
  • Describe each of Newton's voyages. How did they differ from one another? What similarities do they hold?
  • In what ways did Newton use his Christianity to rationalize his involvement in the trade? Justify his actions?