(Inquiry is a process of asking questions to create knowledge and understanding about a topic. The process begins with posing (or asking) questions about a topic and then taking the time to answer each question by doing some critical thinking and research.

Why did American like John Adams conclude that they must declare independence against England? As you explain this, make sure to discuss the legislation that sought to increase taxation and increase revenue, the activities of Adams, the Boston “massacre,” the Intolerable Acts, and the rhetoric of Thomas Paine. Why did Jonathan Sewall make a different choice? Use the lectures, the Give Me Liberty! textbook, and the essay on Adams and Sewall to write a complete answer.

Where and When and What and Who

  • start with one big, general sentence that establishes the where, when, what, and who (think here in the two general groups of people) -- this sentence will provide some context!)

Why did American like John Adams conclude that they must declare independence against England?

What were some of the key pieces of legislation that used taxation as a way to increase revenue?

Who was doing the legislating? That is, who was raising taxes?

Why were there more taxes than before? What events lead to a need for more money?

Who was getting taxed? And what did they think about these new policies?

How did Adams feel about the way the British were treating the colonists?

What did Adams do? What were his activities? What motivated him to act?

Who and how many got massacred in the Boston Massacre?

Who did the massacring and why?

What piece of legislation led to the Boston Tea Party?

What event brought about the Intolerable Acts?

How did the colonists respond to the Intolerable Acts?

What was the First Continental Congress? What was its purpose? Who went?

What was the name of Thomas Paine's famous piece of writing? What was the argument that Paine put forth in this text? What evidence is there to suggest that it was an effective argument?

Think about the two historical figures in Ch. 4. Who valued Order? Who valued Liberty? What made them see the situation so differently?