Missouri Compromise - Henry Clay 1820

  • Missouri - slave
  • Maine - free
  • 36'30 line is boundary for slavery - above (free) and below (slave)
  • Fugitive slaves must be returned to the south

Andrew Jackson - Native American Removal

  • Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
  • Native American Removal Act (1830)
  • Worchester vs. Georgia (1832)
    • Listing of the 5 Civilized Tribes
      • Cherokee
      • Chickasaw
      • Choctaw
      • Seminole
      • Creek
  • Ran on several platforms:
    • States rights
    • Power of the People over the Federal Govt
    • Opposed Federal involvement in the economic prosperity of people's lives
    • Triumph of Democracy

Abolitionists:

  • William Lloyd Garrison - The Liberator; anti-slavery
  • Frederick Douglass - The North Star; book Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass; former slave
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe - Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
  • Harriet Tubman - former/escaped slave; conductor of the Underground Railroad; spy for the Union

Women's Rights Movement:

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Declaration of Sentiments
  • Lucretia Mott - organized Convention at Seneca Falls
  • Susan B. Anthony
    • Multi-pronged approach
      • Literature
      • Political Action - petitions
      • Fundraising
      • Direct aid to escaped slaves

Manifest Destiny: God-given right to spread the American influence from the Atlantic to the Pacific

Henry David Thoreau - Civil Disobedience (1849)

  • author, philosopher, abolitionist, and activist

Mex-Amer War: 1846-1848

  • President (leader) of Mexico: Santa Ana
    • Mex - Nueces River border
    • Ams - Rio Grande border
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
    • US gains Texas, NM, Ariz, CALIFORNIA, and most of the SW
      • Mexican settlers were to have rights of American citizens (protection)
  • Tejanos
  • Californios
  • Wilmot Proviso (1846) - no slavery in the new territories gained by the war the Mexico (did not pass)
  • The Compromise of 1850
    • Cali is free
    • slave trade is abolished in D.C.
    • Fug. Slave Laws strengthened
    • Utah and New Mexico - territories
  • Popular Sovereignty: people living in the territory votes to be slave or free
  • Kansas Nebraska Act (1854)
    • pop. sovereignty
      • Bleeding Kansas
  • Dred Scott Decision (1857)
    • slaves are not citizens - cannot sue
    • overturns the Missouri Comp. - Congress has no power to regulate slavery
    • residence of a slave in a free state does not guarantee freedom
  • John Brown - attack on Harper's Ferry (Va.) 1859