Missouri Compromise - Henry Clay

  • Missouri (slave)
  • Maine (free)
  • 36'30 boundary - (below) slave states; (above) free states
  • fugitive/escaped slaves had to be returned to the south

Andrew Jackson - Indian Removal

  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
  • Worchester v. Georgia (1832)
  • Trial of Tears (1838-1839)
    • 5 Civilized Tribes
      • Cherokee
      • Chickasaw
      • Choctaw
      • Creek
      • Seminole

Abolitions:

  • William Lloyd Garrison - The Liberator; printer, writer
  • Frederick Douglass - The North Star; The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass; former slave, women's rights advocate
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe - Uncle's Tom Cabin; condemnation of slavery
  • Harriet Tubman - escaped slavery; conductor (Underground Railroad); spy for the Union

Women's Rights Movement:

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Declaration of Sentiments
  • Lucretia Mott - organized the Convention at Seneca Falls (1848)

Multi-Pronged Approach:

  • literature
  • rallies, meeting - political action (petitions)
  • helped escaped slaves
  • fundraising
  • Manifest Destiny: God-given right for Americans to spread their influence from the Atlantic to the Pacific
  • Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
    • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848
      • California, Texas, Colorado, NM, Arizona
      • protection of Mexican settlers - citizenship
      • by 1853 - modern boundaries set

Henry David Thoreau - Civil Disobedience 1849

  • refused to pay taxes - jailed
  • Wilmot Proviso - 1846
    • no expansion of slavery in new territories gained after the War with Mexico
  • Compromise of 1850
    • Cali was free
    • abolition of slave trade in D.C.
    • Fug. Slave Laws strengthened
    • Utah and New Mexico territories
  • Popular Sovereignty - people residing in the territory voted
  • Kansas Nebraska Act 1854 - pop. sov.
    • Bleeding Kansas 1856
  • Dred Scott Decision 1857
    • enslaved person were not citizens - cannot sue for freedom
    • Congress cannot ban slavery - Missouri Compromise found unconstitutional
    • residence of an enslaved person in a free state does not mean freedom
  • John Brown at Harper's Ferry (1859)
    • attack federal arsenal
    • weaponized slaves - rebellion
    • failed - hung