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CrystalBallard: 240-essay3

Sectional rivalries in the United States greatly increased during the administrations of Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan. Discuss these tensions, making sure to discuss the attempts by the Pierce administration to expand the United States, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the resulting crisis in Kansas, the roles played by Sara Robinson and David Atchinson during these events, and the Dred Scott case.

Topic:

Sectional Rivalries - anti-slavery and popular sovereignty - North and South - pro-expansion and anti-expansion

Thesis: This essay will discuss the ways in which the North and South disagreed over the topic of expansion of slavery in the United States.

Context:

Market Revolution - population in North exceeded that in the South but the South held power:

Pierce Administration: in order to encourage nationalism there had to be expansion - expansion often brought the question of slavery

Pierce Administration: Northern President that was sympathetic to the South - furthered their notion of a conspiracy; Kansas-Nebraska Act under Pierce -> Whig party collapses -> national parties no longer -> Southerners create the Democratic Party -> party system is now territorial - also led to Bleeding Kansas - John Brown

Buchanan Administration: Democrat - slave conspiracy Election 1856 from Pennsylvania : Kansas had to become a slave state -> voters refuses statehood (confirmed slave conspiracy) and Kansas remains a territory

Buchanan: President, Congress were ineffective and the Judiciary was pro-slavery

Conclusion: North could not trust that the government did not represent their wishes -> slave/Southern conspiracy - protect the Union; United the North - Lincoln's election -> Lower South secedes -> Fort Sumter -> Civil War

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