This is a group activity that does a number of things:

  1. Encourages students to conduct a close reading of their text
  2. Helps students take part in an exercise where different interpretations of the text are provided
  3. Engages in the multiple facets of historical analysis needed when reading
  4. Develops skills (analytical skills) needed for writing the final Research Essay

Divide into groups of FIVE. Each group will be given different colored pens and worksheets for the group. Put your name on the top. It is a passage from the Introduction and Chapter One of your text for history. We have 5 rounds; the first 4 rounds will last 5 minutes each. Completion of the last round is your exit ticket out of class.


  • Read and underline the key elements of the passage. Double-underline or star any sentences or phrases you deem extra-important

Pass your passage to the right.


  • Read and define or identify the key elements of the passage that were underlined. What is the significance of those terms or phrases? Why are they important? Do you see any key terms or phrases that were left out? If so, underline them.

Pass your passage to the right.


  • Read and clarify the definitions of the previous group member or further identify any terms that were not defined. Provide the needed information excluded or extend the definition.

Pass your passage to the right.


  • Read and make corrections to any/all of the information provided by the group. Make changes to definitions where needed. If there are no corrections to be made, connect the underlined portions to the aspects of your exam prompt (race/nationality, class, and gender).

Pass your passage to the right.


  • Once you've gotten your original copy back, on the back side write a brief summary of the passage. What are the authors arguing? Identify parts of the passage that gives evidence to the themes of race, class, and gender. Really stress those points and elaborate on them!!
    • When writing this summary, keep the key themes of this narrative in mind
      • Race/Nationality
      • Class
      • Gender
    • How do you elaborate? Connect or reference them to some secondary themes of:
      • Inclusion
      • Exclusion
      • Citizenship
      • The ideals of "American-ness"


Once you've finished and have written a full page on the backside, you may leave. Turn it in to me for attendance and participation for the day.