Articles of Confederation
What: first attempt to govern without the Crown; unifying leg. by colonies
When: during Revolution
Why is it significant? tax: unable to pay soldiers/army; no protection against anarchy - not enough order there was no executive
Who: Daniel Shay - Rev. vet./farmer
What: against inflation and seizing of land
Why is it significant? need for new body of leg.
Who: author of the Constitution; Federalist first: believed in ratification of the Con.; one of the first Democratic Reps; logic, calm and he antagonized those in power to push the ratification of the Con.
What was his role? authored the Bill of Rights
Why is he significant? created the basis of our government - est. Va. plan, two houses in Leg. branch rep. both small and large states , move the cap to D.C.
Whose ideal? Alexander Hamilton
What? govt. had the power to pass laws even without the Cons. explicitly allowing it - Article 1 Section 8
10th Amendment - opposing view
Why is it significant? govt. now has more power over states
Process of Ratification:
___3____ Madison drafts Bill of Rights
____2___ 9/13 colonies agree to ratification
___1____ Federalist Papers are disseminated
What: treaty; Spain after Constitution was ratified - opened up trading routes along the Mississippi River
Who: Spain / newly form government
Why is it significant? Spain (world empire) gave recognition to the U.S. as a nation
Treaty of Ghent
Why is it significant?
William Henry Harrison