encomienda:

Who: Spanish; Indians/indentured servants

What: Land grant system that the Spanish (elite) colonists were given in return for helping the monarchy. So, land acquired also came with people (slaves).

When: early 16th c.

Where: West Indies, South America

Why were encomienda's significant? Black Legend; Spanish incentive; debate between Las Casas and Cortes; English incentive to go to war against Spanish