(1) Family

  • Considered to be the most important.
  • Time commitment (18 years as a captive audience)
  • 71% of young people will vote in the same way as their parents (Pew Research, 2005)

(2) Religion

  • Examples:
    • Catholicism and birth control
    • The abortion debate
    • Equal marriage laws and the LGBTQ Rights Movement
    • Welfare

(3) Education

  • Examples:
    • The Pledge of Allegiance
    • National Anthem
    • Textbooks

(4) Other Influences

  • Race/Ethnicity
  • Social Class (SES)
  • Geography
  • Reflection Time! Respond to the following questions on your same sheet of paper:
    • What other influences can you identify as having an impact on your political socialization and the formation of your political identity? How did they impact you?
    • As you are now stepping into adulthood and have more control over the influences in your life, what do you want to be intentional about as you continue to develop your political identity?