Discuss Historical Essay

Discuss First Year Research Conference Proposals and Submission Process

Review Exam Terms for Exam 2

REMINDER: History Exam 2 on April 4th

REMINDER: Chapter 23 quiz due on Sunday by 11:59 p.m.

Exam Terms

Theodore Roosevelt: 1901-1909 as President; Republican and Progressive; denounced anarchism (thinks gov't can help people, thinks gov't is a positive good); supports unions (because unions help workers and good workers make a stronger country); wants to regulate business; advocates for a more elastic currency (going away from the gold standard); railroad nationalization if railroad companies fail to serve the public good; reopens the Panama Canal (more trade); establishes National Park Service and sets aside land for conservation like Yosemite Park; this is important BECAUSE Roosevelt's policies shift government help away from business and towards ordinary citizens; doesn't want a complete overhaul of government, just some changes

Progressivism: 1890s-1914; push forward for reform by many different people and demographics; came from both political parties, white middle-class, Christian women, college educated people; go after corruption in business and public life (society); Pure Food Drug Act, direct election of Senators (17th Amendment), create Federal Reserve System, Anti Trust Act (1914); goal of Progressivism are removal of corruption in public, lower tariffs, more popular participation in government, function of government needs to be increased to relieve social and economic stress; this is important BECAUSE SOMETHING

W.E.B. DuBois?' Talented Tenth: African American civil rights leader who founded the NAACP; 1903 writes book that attacks Booker T. Washington's ideas of African American acceptance of social standards and living conditions; fight in court for legal rights; wants black equality; Talent Tenth described the small percentage of African Americans who were educated and upper middle-class and who were high achievers in the face of racial prejudice; 3 tasks--show that African Americans were worthy of leadership, AA able to be educated just like white people, show the relation to the AA problem

National Women's Party: 1848; publicly advocating since 1848; natural rights argument (born with certain rights like voting); Anna Howard Shaw and Carrie Chapman Cade start National Women's Party; wanted to pass women's suffrage into law (right to vote for women); shifted argument from saying women and men were the same to saying that women and men were different and women would not necessarily vote the same as their husbands (different interests); Alice Paul fought for Equal Rights Amendment and fought for right of women's choice on abortion; perceived as a radical reformer; Margaret Sanger fought for contraception for women, believed that women should have the right to contraception (control their bodies)--this will lead to the organization of Planned Parenthood; argument of WWI and fighting for democracy will affect the push for women's rights (fighting for democracy and freedom abroad but women don't have freedom at home) this is important BECAUSE will lead to the 19th Amendment (right to vote for women) (begins in individual states and women move to those states mostly in the West) and this will lead to the idea of women's rights and the idea that women should not be controlled by men (husbands, fathers, brothers)

Wilson's Fourteen Points: January 1918; Woodrow Wilson U.S. President puts forth a plan for what to do with Europe and countries affected by WWI; says there are 14 things that all countries should do to make sure world war never happens again; doesn't work because ignores realities of war--many countries want monetary compensation from losers of war over idea of lasting peace; wants a League of Nations (to implement peace principles and resolve future conflicts), no secret alliance, open seas; US Congress does not agree with Wilson's 14 Points and try to change them; US never joins League of Nations

The Great Migration: 1916-1930; movement of African Americans out of the South and to mostly North but also West and Midwest; move out of South because of Jim Crow laws, poverty, lack of opportunity and pulled to North by factory jobs, lower rent, more education opportunities for children and word of mouth from family and friends; improved conditions somewhat because get some skilled jobs but mostly work in unskilled jobs; white people in the North not happy and there are increased race riots in the North; important BECAUSE leads to the resurgence of the KKK (not just in the South but now also in the MidWest? and some in North) also leads to a more powerful civil rights movement throughout ALL of America

Stock Market Crash of 1929: October 24, 1929 (Black Tuesday); pre-1920s stock trading done primarily by the rich; during 1920s DOW Jones increase from 140 in 1927 to 340 in mid 1929 (rapid growth of investments); preceded by stock speculation and buying stocks on margin (shady stock buying practices); oleads to overconfidence in the market; decline in agriculture, bank failures, unstable global economy; 16 million stocks sold that day which crashes the market; this is important BECAUSE this leads to high unemployment (averages 20% during 1930s); Stock Market Crash does not cause the Great Depression, it is a symptom of how unhealthy the economy was "signifer that something was wrong in the economy."