How Do Historians Make Arguments?
- Argument of Fact: Challenge people's beliefs and lifestyles; are controversial disagreements; is it true?
- Argument of Definition: Define what someone is or can be; formulate a controversial or provocative definition; seek to broaden an existing definition or create a new definition. Was the Boston Massacre really a "massacre?"
- Argument of Evaluation: Apply criteria to a particular problem to make a decision? Construct a ranking or comparison?
- Causal Arguments: The Battle of Falling Timbers led to the Treaty of Greenville. Slavery was the main cause of the Civil War?
Let's Look at Some Examples
- by Dr. Wooster
- by Ms. Marquez
- Another resource - READ THIS!: http://clas.uiowa.edu/history/teaching-and-writing-center/guides/argumentation
Go to the Journal Link and Respond to the Following Prompts:
Locate a scholarly peer reviewed article from your Research Log.
- Access the article in the database.
- Find the claim the historian is making. Copy and paste this into your journal entry.
- Decide what kind of argument the historian is making: Fact, Definition, Evaluation, Causal? Consult your text to help with this.
- Support your reasoning.
- What might historians who disagree with this claim argue? What would their objections be?
Read Ch. 7 in EAA. Take notes. You may use hand-written or printed notes for a Reading Quiz on Friday.
Jen's office hours today are postponed due to attending a presentation by Dean Hartlaub. I will be in the office today from 4 - 5:30.