Jonathan Edwards was a preacher, philosopher, and Congregationalist Protestant theologian. His colonial followers later distinguished themselves from other Congregationalists as "New Lights", as opposed to "Old Lights". Edwards is widely regarded as "one of America's most important and original philosophical theologians". Edwards' theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, and oversaw some of the first revivals in 173335 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts.

The Battle of Bunker Hill occurred in Massachusetts on June 17,1775 towards the beginning of the Revolutionary War. The battle took place between colonial militias and the British army. Despite losing the overall battle, the colonial militias caused massive causalities to the British army giving the colonists a major confidence boost despite having a lack of ammunition. This battle was a ajor turning point in the war, not because the colonist won but becuase of the severe damage caused to British troops.

Townsend revenue acts was a tax on many popular imported goods from Britain. The act was passed in 1767 a year after they passed the declaratory acts and then repealed it. The act applied to all the colonies under Britain's rule. Americans started boycotting British goods. Women would make their own dress to boycott and would organize riots. After awhile Britain realized they were losing money so they repealed the act.