• "The dominant representations of writing typically offered by the process movement-voice, cognition, convention-despite the crucial differences among them, all picture writing as an invisible process, an auditory or mental event that takes place at the point of composing, where meaning get made" (Trimbur, 2004, p. 260).
  • The "transparent text" (p. 261)
  • "...individuals do not simply acquire literacy but actually build for themselves the tools to produce writing" (p. 262).
  • "Typography, on the other hand, calls attention to how the look of the page communicates meaning by treating text as a visual element that can be combined with images and other nonverbal forms to produce a unit of discourse" (p. 267).
  • "The complicated relationship between reading and seeing text and image raises interesting questions for writing studies about how we might think about the page as a unit of discourse-about how, say, the juxtaposition of articles, photographs, and advertisements on a newspaper or magazine page creates larger messages than any single item can convey" (p. 268).
  • "Division of labor" ties to AT

Porter & Sullivan:

  • "Schuman articulates here the premise of intertextuality, the principle that recognizes the interconnected, networked characteristic of discourse. Intertextuality notes that any given discourse is influenced by its relationship to other discourses and is composed as of traces, pieces of other texts that help constitute its meaning in a given situation" (Porter & Sullivan, 2004, p. 291).
  • "The object of analysis for those in rhetoric and composition is not only the written text, but the writer-in-the-act-of-writing, and also the audience. We examine the text, not as an autonomous structure, so much as a stage in an overall process of action involving the writer and the audience, as well as numerous other discourses. Rhetoric complicates discourse study by involving matters related to situation and process-the setting for discourse as well means by which it is produced and received" (p. 292).
  • Once again, these are ties to AT possibly social constructivism