• axiology--the study of value, specifically in a theory or, in Fulkerson's case, in why we should write (what do we value when it comes to writing and how does that influence how we teach, learn, read, and write?) (Rebecca L.)
  • Fulkerson's bases for creating a philosophy of composition: 1. answer what makes writing "good," 2. answer how texts are written, 3. answer how to teach writing, and 4. answer how we know the answers to 1-4. (Rebecca L.)
  • epistemology-1) how you know what you know (Chanel R.). 2) How we view the world (Peyton C) (1) Using your background or your culture to write (Nicole Q)
  • Transactional epistemicism: knowledge created through social discourse (Roxanne L.)
  • Audience addressed - "a 'real' audience that the writer tires to study and adapt to" (Nicholas M)
  • Pedagogy - method of instruction (Elizabeth H)(2) including "educational purposes, values, and aims" or what goal(s) instructional methods should accomplish. (Ana Q.)
  • Formalism- axiology which stipulates that good writing is dependent on how well it follows a strict set of guidelines, often regarding formatting (Annastacia S.)
  • Mimetic Axiology--"accuracy of information, sound logic, and 'truth' in prose ('traditional' technical writing class)." (Andrea P.) (2) Imitating what has been taught by the instructor; imitating their views (Nicole Q)(3)According to "Richard Fulkerson's Four Axiolgies," Mimetic Axiology is a school of thought that, as explained in Fulkerson's four theories of writing composition, implies that good writing occurs by studying good writing (previous good writing); "copying or mimicking" good writing. (Ana Q.)
  • Retrograde-writing moving in the opposite direction from what it started. (Nicole Q)
  • Social-epistemic---"an explicit critique of economic, political, and social arrangements" (Mary G.)
  • Cultural Studies in Composition - ...a focus on having students read about systemic cultural injustices inflicted by dominant societal groups and dominant discourses on those with less power, and upon the empowering possibilities of rhetoric if students are educated to "read" carefully and "resist" the social texts that help keep some groups subordinated. (Nick S.)
  • "Discourse community" - "Beginning students are presumed to be neither cognitively deficient nor linguistically impoverished. As outsiders, they simply lack experience with the 'academic discourse community' and its conventions. In order to introduce them to that community, they are asked to read a sequence of difficult texts, often on a single theme, and write regularly, also about that theme. The goal is to allow students to read, write, and thus to absorb the sorts of rhetorical moves that will help them survive in college" (Angela R.)
  • "Procedural Rhetoric" - Fulkerson's term for the "traditional" rhetorical approach approved by the Writing Program Administrators (WPA), that "emphasize[s] writing effectively for different audiences, seeing writing as an extended process of multiple tasks and drafts, and learning to control surface features and formatting" (670). Daniel D.
  • "Feminist Pedagogy"-"a consciousness-raising and coming-to-voice class, in which female students are provided a safe place to share and explore experiences and viewpoints"(666). Tabitha P.

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  • Expressivism - derives from "Platonic individualism" (Fulkerson 412), and the main purpose of writing in expressivism is "seen as discovery, the job of the teachers shifts from laying down rules and formulas to finding ways that will help those discoveries take place" (McPherson? 180-181). (John H.)

  • "Heuristics"-serving to indicate or point out; stimulating interest as a means of furthering investigation. Dictionary.com Qimin S.
  • "Hermeneutics"-the science of interpretation Dictionary.com Qimin S.

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  • enthymeme--a syllogism or argument in which a premise or conclusion is unexpressed (Fulkerson). Margaret E.G.
  • syllogism--a deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion. Margaret E.G.
  • Philosophy- A theory made up of four components 1) Axiological 2) Procedural 3) Pedagogical 4) Epistemological (Fulkerson 410-411)-Myra B.