SeanBritt.171Fall2015IDs3 History

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* Free Soil Party -
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* Free Soil Party - Formed in 1848 to oppose slavery in the territory acquired in the Mexico War; nominated Martin Van Buren for president in 1848. By 1854 most of the party's members had joined the Republican Party. It was a third party and a single-issue party that largely to and drew its greatest strengths from the New York state. This party was against the extension of slavery into the western territories. In 1854 the disorganized remaining part of the party dissolved into the newly formed Republican Party, which carried the idea of the Free Soil Party that opposed the expansion of slavery one step further by condemning slavery as a moral evil. - Kari N.
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* American Colonization Society - Established in 1860 to free slaves and send them to Africa; The transportation of free African American slaves to Liberia, the capital of which is Monrovia, A west African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves; demonstrated the fact that many abolitionists still held racist attitudes about U.S
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* American Colonization Society - Established in 1816 to free slaves and send them to Africa; The transportation of free African American slaves to Liberia, the capital of which is Monrovia, A west African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves; demonstrated the fact that many abolitionists still held racist attitudes about U.S
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* Nativism -
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* Nativism - Anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic feeling especially prominent in the 1830s through the 1850s; the largest group was New York's Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, which expanded into the American (Know-Nothing) Party in 1854. The Know Nothing Party was a major political force from 1854-1855. Their objective was to extend period of naturalization, undercut immigrant voting strengths, and keep aliens in their place. It showed favoritism toward native-born Americans, because of this immigrants had problems with jobs and adapting to the new culture and language. The belief of Nativism was a prejudicial attitude towards immigrants based on their national origin, their ethnic background, their race or religion. The doctrine of the Nativism in America resulted in a widespread attitude that rejected alien persons, or culture, this led to laws being passed to restrict immigration. -Kari Nunemaker
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* Dred Scott - A Missouri slave who belonged to a military doctor name Sanford, who took him into free states over the
course of his career; when they returned to Missouri, Scott filed a law suit claming that he should be free after having traveled into free territory. He was a slave in Missouri who went to court to ask for his freedom. He said he was free because his owner lived in a free state for four years. Two state courts made two opposing decisions so Scott went to the Supreme court in 1857. He lost the trial because he wasn't a citizen and slaves were considered property. The impact of the Dred Scott decison was that southerners rejoiced in the decision because that meant slavery was legal in all federal territories, northerners commended the decision slavery could now spread throughout the west. -Stella O.
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* Oregon Trail -
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* Oregon Trail -The route that pioneers travelling westward to populate the Pacific territories had a rough schedule to adhere to: they needed to leave immediately after winter ended in order to make it all the way there before winter began again. where they traveled in covered wagons where it started in St.Louis, Missouri and ended in Oregon City, Oregon in the 1840's because of the free land in Oregon where they had split two different directions and the other half went to California in pursuit of gold. Massive migration westward led to quicker admittance of these territories as states. (You had to have a certain population to qualify for statehood) where it took six months to travel. -Stella O.
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* Emancipation Proclamation -

* Sherman's March to the Sea
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* Emancipation Proclamation -
The ideals of union changed of instead of trying to preserve the union they would use the freedom of slavery as a goal and a tactic during the civil war. Ultimately to change slavery so that the south go on and be self sustained during the war. Lincoln in 1862 creates the proclamation, it explains that in three months that all slaves in rebel territory would be free, which would end slavery in the states that succeeded from the union. The significance of this was to tell slaves that the union will accept them as free slaves and this would result disruption in the south. It would cause slaves to runaway, and would encourage slaves to join the union army as black soldiers. This overall shifted the war, and would ultimately give the union a better advantage.
-Kate Scamardo

* Sherman's March to the Sea -

Sherman is a North union leader who wanted to take control of the rail roads in the South. He was a strong believer in total war, in stating that he is at war with the south society and wants to punish the south for succeeding and by fighting in this war. In 1864, he would advance his army to the atlantic sea and would go to Georgia to South Carolina and would burn down crops and barns, kill animals and take and destroy their railroads. Destroying everything in their path. This is significant because it proved that the north was significantly gaining ground in the war. - Kate Scamardo
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* Dred Scott -
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* Dred Scott -
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* American Colonization Society -
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* American Colonization Society - Established in 1860 to free slaves and send them to Africa; The transportation of free African American slaves to Liberia, the capital of which is Monrovia, A west African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves; demonstrated the fact that many abolitionists still held racist attitudes about U.S
society. Was established to move all slaves to Africa so that they could settle there for those who depended on slaves for a profit and those who believed that America was the only land that slaves knew as it effected Liberia's following history. -Stella O.
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* Cotton Gin -
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* Cotton Gin- Helped the south by producing more cotton and a higher demand for laborers in the field that was invented in 1793 to be used too quickly separate the seeds from the cotton ball, it could do the work of several
men. The importance and positives about the cotton gin is it increased production of more cotton, cotton
prices lowered, saved a lot of time and allowed worldly of distribution of cotton at reasonable prices. The
negative effects was the high demand for laborers in the fields caused illegal slave trade because slave
trade was outlawed in the U.S in 1808. -Stella O.
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* Erie Canal - Made it easier to transport goods, between the New York cities completed in 1825. Man-made waterway that connected the Hudson river and Lake Erie, by linking the interior of the country to the Atlantic Ocean
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* Erie Canal - Made it easier to transport goods, between the New York cities completed in 1825. Man-made waterway that connected the Hudson river and Lake Erie, by linking the interior of the coutry to the Atlantic Ocean
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north and allowed northern manufactures to ship finished goods to sell in the west. -Stella O.
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north and allowed nothern manufactures to ship finshed goods to sell in the west. It made travel and
transportation of goods much eaiser because it was one continuous road that was in good condition, The
earky roads in NY people had traveled on horses and carriages. The important reasons for building the
Erie Canal is so people/farmers ship good easily and cheaply
. -Stella O.
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* Erie Canal -
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* Erie Canal - Made it easier to transport goods, between the New York cities completed in 1825. Man-made waterway that connected the Hudson river and Lake Erie, by linking the interior of the country to the Atlantic Ocean
(bypassing the Appalachian trade routes that were difficult and costly to use). The canal, considered
a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the
north and allowed northern manufactures to ship finished goods to sell in the west. -Stella O.
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* American Colonization Society -
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* American Colonization Society -

* Coverture - Laws that dictate what rights women have from 17th through 18th centuries; when a woman gets married, she loses her legal identity; married men own all the property, even if the woman's property was given to her through family or widowhood; there was an exception to these laws for voting and political rights in Virginia, women couldn't vote (their husband and/or father "represented" them), except in this 18 year period after the Revolution; women could buy things on the husband's credit, for which he was ultimately responsible, as demonstrated by public announcements made by cuckolded husbands who didn't want their estranged wives running up bills in their name.

* Republican Motherhood -

* Wilmot Proviso - 1846; this was an addition to legislation that would require no new slate states to be created in the land acquired through the Mexican-American War, proposed by Wilmot, a future Free Soiler (from Pennsylvania); passed the House of Reps, but was repeatedly shot down in the Senate. Was intended mostly to prevent slave states from getting more political clout in Congress by adding more states that voted for Southern (slave holding) interests.

* Free Soil Party -

* Oregon Trail -

* Compromise of of 1850 - California joins the Union because the gold rush of '49 drew lots of prospectors and other businessmen and women who wanted to make money off the prospectors, which gave them the necessary numbers to declare themselves as a state; Utah and New Mexico Territories are formed; enacted Fugitive Slave Law, which gave slave holders the right to take runaway slaves out of northern free states (which some people exploited by taking free black people south and claiming they were slaves) and granted the southerners arbitrators (commissioner) which were supposed to be neutral, but really benefited the southerners.

* Dred Scott -

* Election of 1860 -

* Emancipation Proclamation -

* Sherman's March to the Sea
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* Nativism -

* Slater's Mill - First mill in American, based on plans established in Great Britain, used water from fast moving rivers (mostly in the North) to turn wheel for perpetual power; built in Rhode Island in 1793, processed cotton into thread advancing the mechanization of labor in America (by 1815 more than 150 spinning machines like this were built), mill utilized young women (16-25 yrs old) as workforce which gave these women a sort of liberation by giving them opportunity outside the home and a little bit of authority in their family because they were bringing in money (which the fathers still got to keep), housing for workers was built around the factory, keeping the workforce close to the company and allowing the company to partly reimburse itself from worker's pay buy collecting rent; women were actually locked into their apartments to "keep them safe."

* Erie Canal -

* Cotton Gin -

* American Colonization Society -