• Nativism -
  • Erie Canal - Man-made canal that stretches from Lake Erie to the Hudson River in NYC; connected Est and West trading lines, bypassing the Appalachian Mountains, connected interior to Atlantic; made huge profits for NY; early 1800s, 1820s?; used horses to pull freight; used locks to move cargo upriver
  • Cotton Gin - it made it easier then labor by spread the cotton fibers apart. this reduce the time to make cotton and doubled the amount. 1790 3,000 barrels of cotton -sean cassinelli
  • American Colonization Society - charitable organization that was opposed to slavery and wanted to remove Black Americans and "return" them to Africa. Even though organizations like this demonstrate that abolition was popular, even in the North they didn't want a mixed race society and that racism existed all over the US; established in 1816, chose Liberia as a destination, created a new country in Africa, the capital being Monrovia (named after President Monroe) which was not the same part of Africa that most slaves had come from, and almost all the current slaves were generations away from being born in Africa at all; in 1808 slave importation had been abolished, so the slave population continued to become more based on reproduction rather than actually taken from Africa.
  • Coverture - English and American laws stated that a married woman lost all her legal identity to her husband. Anything she had now belongs to her husband even if it was given to her by her family or a previous marriage. This was during the 17th and 18th century. Women could not vote, husband or father represented as them. Exception to these laws for voting and political rights in Virginia. After the revolution, women could buy things on the husbands credit and the husband would be responsible.

-Aliciana Mireles

  • Compromise of 1850- threw together ideas that would favor both the north and south, each side would have likes and dislikes; California became a free state, Utah and New Mexico territories formed and would decide themselves if their state would be a slave state or not; fugitive slave law was formed which said that if a runaway slave was found in the north, they could be returned to the south if a judge voted it a yes; the present day Texas boundaries were set; slave trade was outlawed in DC -Madison Brooks
  • Republican Motherhood -
  • Wilmot Proviso - his address is any land that he takes from Mexico there will be no slavery in that territory, it gets passed to do the union being bigger in votes even though the southern states had the 3/5 compromise. but the congress will keep bring it up after it gets dropped until they approve on it. -sean Cassinelli
  • Free Soil Party - its a third party its going to attract the Republic and Whigs party as one party. The issues is to stop the spread of slavery, they don't want slavery to spread into the unorganized territory as in Wisconsin. they start pushing fear to the southern states that they have over powering other people. -sean Cassinelli
  • Oregon Trail - People travelling westward to populate the Pacific territories had a rough schedule to adhere to: they needed to leave immediately after winter ended in order to make it all the way there before winter began again; path to Oregon wasn't the only route, but was the most traveled, some people went to Cali (which meant crossing the Sierra Nevada mountains in addition to the Rockies, but also meant a chance at gold!) and Santa Fe; 1840s; massive migration westward led to quicker admittance of these territories as states (you had to have a certain population to qualify for statehood);
  • Dred Scott - was a slave, belonged to a military doctor named Sanford, who took him into free states over the course of his career; when they returned to Missouri, Scott filed a law suit claiming that he should be free, after having traveled into free territory; the ruling was initially against him, saying that he was still a slave regardless of where he went, but he appealed this decision for the next 10 years, eventually reaching the Missouri State Supreme Court, where he was granted freedom, but appeals from the defense (Sanford) led to a Federal Supreme Court hearing in which Chief Justice Roger Tainey declared that cases like this don't even merit in the court because no African-Americans are actually citizens and that the law has no power to dictate that you not take your legal property anywhere you go. This is significant because it basically reversed any compromises between the North and South (Missouri Compromise, Kansas-Nebraska Act) and further upset northerners.
  • Election of 1860 -
  • Emancipation Proclamation -- Proposed in September of 1862; announced that at the beginning of the new year (3 months from then) that all slaves in rebel territory would become free; the rebel states or states that separated from the union however did not claim Lincoln to be their president anymore. This document was really a message for the slaves, it encourages slaves to run away from the south and to join the union army who by this document now accepted African American soldiers to join them -Madison Brooks
  • Sherman's March to the Sea - in 1863 he will get into the south to try to take down the railroads to destroy trading throughout the southern states. he will in invade Georgia to south Carolina. he believed total war. he wants to punish the south and make the states not want to fight anymore. his army will go across the land and move through land and burn down houses and whatever is in their path. -Sean Cassinelli