• Christopher Columbus - rediscovered Americas, died thinking he'd found Asia, argued that the trip across the Pacific was "doable" because the estimated size of the world was less than other people said it was, searching for an alternate trade route (to cut out some middle men), met the Taino people in Hispaniola, turned them workers
  • Columbian Exchange - exchange between Old and New World, attempt to enslave native people, brought plants, people, animals, and diseases; one of the most important moments in history; it mixed cultures; named after Columbus because he started it
  • Reconquista -
  • Tenochtitlan
  • Pueblo Revolt
  • Fort Caroline - Was an outpost for the French in Florida to attempt to ambush the trade vessels in the Caribbean. Spanish retaliated and wiped out everyone there because they had a more dominant presence there. One of few French inhabited place in the New World, especially in the southern part of North America. Demonstrated that cultural interactions in the New World, as well as what was happening back in the Old World, impacted the success of settlers in the New World.
  • Fur Trade - French trade with native Americans for beaver pelts, gave them guns and knives; affected natives lives, caused more inter-native violence; French adopted some native practices; beavers were nearly wiped out, which would have severely impacted the ecosystem; pelts were used for fancy hats (the beavers were especially good pelts for making hats).
  • Bacon's Rebellion -
  • Jamestown Company -
  • Indentured Servitude - signed a contract stating how long they would be in service and restrictions to their freedom; come to New World for money and the chance to own land; many of them died before completing their service/contract because of poor treatment, disease, overwork, crappy conditions; in spite of living with and working with slaves, they retain rights that the slaves don't, such as ability to testify in court (they are still subjects of the king, whereas slaves are property); significant part of Jamestown labor, where cash crops were more important than food crops
  • Great Migration - Puritan's moving over to New England 1620sish, wanted to make a perfect Puritan community, with "visible saints," Winthrop described it as a "City on a Hill," a shining example of what a perfect community should look like. Based on religion, but also set up to trade and coexist with natives, 21k Puritans, first major movement of English to New World, left England to escape persecution, went to Netherlands, but didn't want to stay there because they didn't want to lose their culture (they saw their kids beginning to behave like Dutch)
  • Roger Williams - founded Rhode Island, was "too Puritan" and got kicked out for denying the authority of the king of England, believed in separation of church and state, more tolerant of/ open to thinking outside of the Puritan tradition
  • 7 Years War -
  • Law of Descent -
  • Fort Necessity -
  • George Whitefield -
  • Middle Passage -
  • Pontiac's Rebellion -
  • Great Awakening -
  • Ben Franklin -
  • Hopewell - North American native communities, defined by trade routes and communities, Mississipians, had precisely engineered earthworks, traded valuable metals and stoneworks, arrowheads, beads, commodities that were specific to certain regions. Demonstrates organization and advanced civilization before Columbus arrived, post-discovery, they considered natives to be barbaric and uncivilized, but this show that wasn't necessarily the case.
  • Cahokia -
  • James Thomas Callendar -