3. What kind of society did the Puritans intend to build in the New World (that is, what was their vision, their goal, their purpose)? What safeguards did they put in place to guarantee the success of this model society? How did events in the 1660s and in 1689 contribute to the failure of this experiment and the end of Puritanism as a political-religious system?

  • Puritans set out to create a utopian society apart from the unsatisfactory one in England at the time. They did this in order to become a model society for post-apocalyptic England to rebuild from, and reform the current church of england. They set up safeguards like limitations on membership, settlement patterns and social controls, voting restrictions, enforcing orthodoxy, and local control of their charter. Eventually, Puritanism failed because standards were loosened, half-members were allowed, and there was disagreement among factions.
    • Puritan Society
      • model society for England (sermon given aboard ship on the way to the new world defined this model)
      • reform (church was corrupt, giving church to the people rather than papal control)
    • Safeguards
      • limitations (testimony of experience with god's grace, predestination)
      • social controls (compact villages,
      • voting restrictions (
      • orthodoxy (persecution of baptists, quakers, shakers)