Triad K Readings

While these texts are required reading for HIST 1302, please know that they are going to play a large role in your Triad K experience. Your ability to succeed in your triad courses depends on your willingness to engage with them... You will be expected to keep up with the assigned readings as outlined in Dr. Muñoz's syllabus schedule. We will have in depth class discussions and writing assignments in Seminar and Composition devoted to these texts. Be prepared to share your knowledge, interpretations, and questions!

"I am a Man." Chief Standing Bear's Journey for Justice - Joe Starita

Reading Guide Questions

Ch.1 and 2

  • What is the big event Starita discusses on page 5 and why is it important to the story?
  • Why do you think Jefferson’s policies and attitudes towards Native Americans is going to be important to the story?
  • Why does Starita spend the entire first chapter giving background information? He only discusses Chief Standing Bear and his son abstractly (referring to them only as the father and son) but discusses Thomas Jefferson, the land, and Native Americans in general. Why is this background information important?
  • What is Starita trying to achieve when he provides vivid descriptions of nature? What is his motive?
  • Based on your understanding of the chapters, what do you think makes Standing Bear historically significant?
  • Why is Standing Bear's use/reliance on an interpreter to communicate with the federal government problematic? What issues arise from this?

Chapter 3/4

  • How is the use of mixed blood interpreters a tactic to get the Ponca off of their homeland? Why is consent important?
  • What is the difference between mixed blood Indians and full bloods like Standing Bear?
  • Why did their white neighbors react so strongly to their removal? Why does the local media pay attention to the Ponca's plight?
  • Why is the medal given by the president to the eight chiefs significant? Why is the fact that Thomas Jefferson's face on it problematic?
  • Starita moves between the past and present connecting the ancestors stories with that of their descendants. What connections is he trying to make between the two?
  • What are the maps in chapters three and four show? Why would Starita include them? What do they add to the story?

Chapter 5 and 6

Chapter 5

  • What significant roles did Tibbles and the local media play in bringing attention to the Ponca's plight?
  • Who were the three lawyers hired to defend Standing Bear? What compelled them to take the case? What support did they get from the local community?
  • Define the writ of habeas corpus. Why is this important to Standing Bear's case?
  • What arguments do Standing Bear's lawyers make on his and the Ponca's behalf? What are they trying to prove in court?

Chapter 6

  • What is Crook's personal conflict in the situation involving the Ponca?
  • Why is it necessary for the Ponca to "expatriate themselves" from their tribe? What does that signify?
  • What evidence does Standing Bear offer to define/defend his personhood?
  • What 4 reasons/arguments does Judge Dundy offer in his ruling against the federal government's Indian policy in the case?

Chapter 7

  • Why is Standing Bear still considered "a man without a country" at this point in the book?
  • What four things did Standing Bear's speaking tour focus on? What two goals were they trying to achieve with it?
  • Why is Bright Eyes a trailblazer on this tour?
  • What did Starita mean when he stated that Standing Bear and Bright Eyes, "Often shackled by the past- by the simplicity, the sentimentality, and the shopworn stereotypes"?
  • Why is Standing Bear's "noble American Indian" appearance matter so much to the tour and to the Eastern U.S. audiences?

Chapter 8

  • What was the role of the Senate Select Committee? What did their investigation reveal?
  • Why did the plight of the Ponca matter so much to President Rutherford B. Hayes? What actions did he take on their behalf?
  • What do the Northern and Southern Ponca want in their settlement with the American government?
  • Was justice served for the Ponca?

Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America - Erika Lee and Judy Yung


  • What did Yung and Lee mean when they suggested "Angel Island was designed for exclusion rather than inclusion."
  • How did an individual's race, class and gender shape their experiences at Angel island?
  • How does the notion of imperialism influence how immigrants are viewed and treated? How do immigration policies reflect that?

Reading Guide Questions

Chapter 2

  • How did the Chinese immigrants experience differ from other groups? Point to specific facts Yung and Lee discuss.
  • How did American imperialism affect their reasons for their emigrating?
  • In what specific ways were Chinese men and women's migration and detention experiences different?
  • What laws were passed to restrict Chinese immigration and access to citizenship?
  • Why was class status so critical to a Chinese immigrant's ability to gain citizenship?
  • How did male and female detainees at Angel Island bond during their detention? What actions did some detainees resort to in order to "escape" their detention?

'Chapter 8'

  • Why were Filipinos considered "U.S. Nationals" and thereby could travel freely into the U.S?
  • Define the concept of benevolent assimilation.
  • Why did nativist Americans consider Filpinos a threat? What kind of violence and discrimination did Filipinos face?
  • Define the concept/policy of repatriation. How did this apply to Filpinos?
  • What federal laws were passed that dramatically changed Filipinos citizenship status? How did this affect them?

Blowout! Sal Castro and the Chicano Educational Struggle for Justice - Mario T. Garcia and Sal Castro

Reading Guide Questions

  • Who is Sal Castro? Why is he a leader in his community?
  • What is the Chicano Movement? How are the student "blowouts" part of that movement? Why were Mexican American students walking out of their schools?
  • When a student chooses to walk out of their schools, what message are they trying to send? Whose attention are they trying to get by doing so?
  • What is Castro's first experience with protest? How have his life experiences, his neighborhood, schooling, and military experiences -make him into the activist he becomes?
  • What kinds of discrimination did Mexican Americans face? What examples does Castro offer?