• Your assigned homework reading discusses "the sense of authority needed to question or respond to the texts of others" (613). That sense of authority plays a vital role in your final essay project for this class.
  • It may be helpful to consider the definition of history that Dr. Moore used at the beginning of the semester: History is a story told about the evidence that we have from the past. How do historians add new perspectives on history? Do they question and respond to other historians?
    • Write today about the difference between writing as an outsider on a topic and writing as a part of an ongoing conversation about a topic, as you interpret it from the reading.

Citing Sources

  • Let's review good citation practices!
  • Using Quotes
  • Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing
  • Quoting Guidelines:
    • Quoting well--
      • Giving the quote a proper introduction or context
      • Giving credit to the author for quotes or paraphrases
      • Finding some well-worded gem of a sentence that supports your ideas (if you find yourself thinking "I couldn't have said it better myself," it might be a great quote!)
      • Building your sentence around the quote (in order to not break the grammar rules)
      • Responding to the quote with your own analysis.
    • Quoting poorly--
      • Dumping a full quote into a paragraph as a stand-alone sentence (quote-plopping)
      • Using a quote that takes up half a page
      • Using every dry, lifeless, and uninteresting quote you find because they're factual
      • Making more than half of any given paragraph quotations

Citing Practice

  • Look at the links for reviews of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy movie.

Brad Cook, James Kendrick, Cole Smithey, Kevin A. Ranson, Joe Lozito, Bill Gibron, and my source (don't use this one!): Bill Muller

Of course the book is better =D

Now we're gonna write a short paragraph on it (based on the reviews).

  • Your thesis is that this movie fell short of the literary version and is an example of why film adaptations of books are not a good idea.
  • I want you and your groups to use quotations from these articles to prove this argument.
  • Each paragraph must include a direct quotation, a summary, and a paraphrase.
  • This is how you will write your portfolio 3 paper, block by block. Starting with your thesis, you find sources to support your topic, and incorporate it from there. Remember, this is what you think about your topic, and the sources should help you along (or possibly change your thesis a little)
  • For your wiki projects, we don't necessarily have a thesis, because we're showing multiple perspectives, but we do have a focus for our research.
    • Citing the work of others will give you project depth and balance.
    • Remember to condense quotations that are too long, quote the sections that are the most "colorful" (in other words, you couldn't have said them yourself), and give credit for quotes and paraphrases. Stay the hell away from plagiarism!
    • Don't "quote plop." This means, don't just make a quote a whole sentence by itself; incorporate it into your sentences.
  • An example : The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, long anticipated by fans of the novel, ultimately falls short of expectations and reinforces the idea that movie adaptations of literature have not been as successful as their potential would indicate. The movie version, in this case, has moments of brilliance, but "loses its edge because too much must be explained" (Muller, 2005) to the audience, especially those who have not read the book. While having read the written version is not always prerequisite for these movies, Muller (2005) points out that this particular instance is largely an inside joke for those who have not. In the end, the film demonstrates the difficulty of adapting hugely popular fiction because, in spite of pluses like good individual acting performances, the plot is nearly incoherent for those who have not read the story first, and much of the satire of the book is lost for those fans who expected to find it on the screen (Muller, 2005).
  • Write your paragraph on a sheet of paper, one sheet per group. We will read these aloud in class, so make it good!


  • Find one good example from your research that you can cite in your essay. You can create a quote, paraphrase, or summary, but bring it in writing (or post it on your student wiki) by Wednesday.
    • Be sure that you're using material that you can respond to, not just rely on!