Integrating Sources

How to integrate sources into your writing:

  • Overview
  • Freewrite Activity:
    • Compare the sources you have so far on your annotated bibliography.
      • Categorize them by what type of perspective they take on your issue. For example, which ones support the issue? are against it? Which look at it positively? negatively? Are some in between?
    • Now, write about how you can organize these different perspectives into one feature article. For example, do you want to write about the sources supporting the issue first? Do you want to go back and forth between sources that support it and sources that don't? What works best for you and your topic?
  • Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing
  • Quoting Guidelines:
    • Quoting well--
      • Giving the quote a proper introduction or context
      • Giving credit to the author for quotes or paraphrases
      • Finding some well-worded gem of a sentence that supports your ideas (if you find yourself thinking "I couldn't have said it better myself," it might be a great quote!)
      • Building your sentence around the quote (in order to not break the grammar rules)
    • Quoting poorly--
      • Dumping a full quote into a paragraph as a stand-alone sentence
      • Using a quote that takes up half a page
      • Using every dry, lifeless, and uninteresting quote you find because they're factual
      • Making more than half of any given paragraph quotations

Integration Activity

  • Look at the links for reviews of the Dark Knight.

Roger Ebert, Peter Travers, Richard Corliss, David Ansen, Emmanuel Levy, Claudia Puig

Sweet movie, huh? Now we're gonna write a short paragraph on it.

  • Your thesis is that this movie surpassed the original film (Batman Begins) and is the greatest superhero film of all time.
  • I want you and your groups to use quotations from these articles to prove this argument.
  • Each paragraph must include a direct quotation, a summary, and a paraphrase.
  • This is how you will write your paper, block by block. Starting with your thesis, you find sources to support your topic, and incorporate it from there. Remember, this is what you think about your topic, and the sources should help you along (or possibly change your thesis a little) Also remember that right now, we don't necessarily have a thesis, because we're showing all sides, but we do have a research question.
    • Remember to condense quotations that are too long, quote the sections that are the most "colorful" (in other words, you couldn't have said them yourself), and give credit for quotes and paraphrases. Stay the hell away from plagiarism!
    • Don't "quote plop." This means, don't just make a quote a whole sentence by itself, incorporate it into your sentences.
  • An example (courtesy of Garrett Wieland), in MLA style: Batman Begins, while rebooting the Batman franchise with a thoughtful, exciting origin story, doesn't quite have the thematic sweep that The Dark Knight has, or the dramatic implications. Like it's title, the film stakes out darker territory, and takes a "philosophical examination of why we need heroes, and then when we need them, what they mean" in a morally ambiguous post 9/11 America (Gilchrist 2). According to Gilchrist, the power of the movie stems from its ability to deal with real world issues, such as terrorism, while keeping the best of what audiences expect from a superhero film (1). Ultimately, it transcends Batman Begins, as well as previous superhero films by grafting its "heroics onto the blueprint of actual reality rather than that of spandex-clad supermen" (Gilchrist 1).
  • Write your paragraph on a sheet of paper, one sheet per group. We will read these aloud in class, so make it good!


  • We will be peer reviewing your drafts on Wednesday!
    • Remember that these should still be drafts, so don't think that you have to bring something that is entirely completed yet; however...
    • The more revision you've done before the peer review, the more feedback you'll get out of it!
  • Please bring 3 copies of your work so that we can share simultaneously within your groups!
    • Individual papers for peer review helps ensure unique responses from your peers!