• Captain Tomba -
    • lead a revolt on a slave ship, killed three sailors in the process, was known as a "good looking man", had the value of two slaves.
  • The Boatswain - She kept order of the enslaved woman on the ship.

She was a rebel, and didn't go down without a fight. Her body was thrown over board.

  • Cabin Boy Robinson - A 13 year old boy's passion for working alongside his uncle on a slave ship is only fueled by his passion for working on the sea. He was forced to leave his job and return home after an ankle injury, which ruins his chances of working in high impact slave trade.
  • Captain James Fraser -
    • Captain James Fraser spend 20 years in the slave trade running an orderly ship. He claimed he treated the slaves well and they were "cheerful" but they were not and ship conditions were bad. He also claimed he treated the sailors with "humanity and tenderness" and he did as well.
  • Merchant Henry Laurens -
    • He was a man that had a lot of knowledge and power. He was one of early America's earliest richest/wealthiest merchants.

Chapter 2

What specific technological advances in shipbuilding enabled the rise of "a world market and an internationalist capitalist system"? (Page 43) How was the slave ship and its crew central to that economic systems development? It helped seize new lands that they could explore, opened trade with other countries, brought about the triangular trade, mass production grew, and brought a new capitalist order. The new slave ships opened a way for factory's to open up in Africa.

Define the triangular trade. (page 47)How does this concept help us to understand the movement of peoples across various locations around the globe? Route between Europe, west Africa, and america to trade manufactured goods, slaves, and produce. It could symbolize its a cycle, its always going. Instead of realizing how horrible it was, slave traders justified what they were doing.

How did slave traders like Postlethwayt rationalize their involvement in the trade? He had convinced himself that Africans would be better off living in a civilized christian country than among savages -pg. 45 Although the slaves were treated badly and forced to live under harsh conditions most slave traders were convinced they were helping them get away from savages and into a christian country and thought of slaves as labor and wealth. Postlethway view of a "triangular trade" in which the ships proceeded from European (or American) port with a cargo of manufactured goods to west africa, where they traded for slaves, to America, Where they traded for plantation produce such as sugar, tobacco, or rice, become the dominant way of viewing the slave trade for the next two and a half centuries. (pg 46.)

How was a typical slave ship's crew organized? What function did each crew member perform? (Hint: there are several roles you could mention) The typical slave ship had a captain, a first and second mate, a doctor, a carpenter, a boatswain, a gunner, a cook, ten to twelve seamen, a handful of landsmen, and one or two ship boys. The captain is the first person hired he is in charge of cargo, voyage, and sailors. He also hires the crew. The doctor; his job is to keep the crew and slaves alive, he assists in the purchase of the slaves by inspecting them for illness. The carpenter specializes in the wooden world and is responsible for the structural soundness and various parts of the ship. The gunner is responsible for the firearms, the ammunition, and the artillery, as well as the locks and chains.


Chapter 3

Rediker claims,"Slaving[ in the interior of Africa] had gone on for centuries."(page 77) What factors shaped or enabled the slave trade to thrive in West Africa? Slaveship captains dealt directly with leaders and people involved with leaders and people involved with trade. Powerful technologies, such as weapons, were readily available via trade. A new division of labor developed around slavery. Africa was very competitive for Africa and war between other countries increased trade a wealth for Africa. Africa's "black trade" allowed for purchase of weapons and other goods. What issues caused conflict between African cultural groups that led to the development of the slave trade?

What were some of the ways Africans were taken from their native lands? How did this affect them? What are some of the long lasting consequences of this loss?