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Black Legend - the image of Spain as a brutal exploiter of the Native population. It caused some Europeans to think that Spain should treat the Natives better, however did not cause them to question their "right" to conquer or spread Christianity. It is associated with Bartolome de Las Casas.

Bartolome de Las Casas -

Hispaniola -

Chesapeake bay colony - One of the four regions of British North American Colonies.(Present day: Maryland/Virginia) *First British settlement: Jamestown, Virginia in 1607*. SEVEN MAJOR POINTS 1.Tobacco is cash crop 2.Few towns in area 3.Get-rich quick attitude 4.Hunger for land&labor 5.Indentured servants are main form of labor 6. few women/families 7. Highly stratified society (same class structure as England). WHO CAME TO AREA: young, single, poor men(had little to lose), wanted to own land and gain social mobility/get a better life. RELATIONS W/ NATIVES: Intermarriages were rare, English don't want to associate with Natives, constant rising tensions(eventually lead to fighting).

Jamestown -

Impact of indentured servitude on women -

Native Americans of the Great plains -

  • Mostly nomadic, they moved from place to place following animals (their main food source)
  • Bison was a major food source
  • They tribes within the great plains were; Blackfeet, Arapaho, Lakota, Cheyenne
  • They traded with agriculturalists

4 factors that led the way for exploration -

3 G's -

Impact of 1st contact between AfroEurasia and Americas -

Stono Rebellion - The most serious slave rebellion in the the colonial period which occurred in 1739 in South Carolina. 100 African Americans rose up, got weapons and killed several whites then tried to escape to S. Florida. The uprising was crushed and the participants executed. The main form of rebellion was running away, though there was no where to go.

Columbian Exchange -

Repartimiento -

impact of smallpox -

impact of Columbus's "discovery" - Columbus's discovery led to the creation of the massive Spanish Empire in the Americas. It ultimately led to the collapse of Native American communities as 95% died as result of diseases spread during the Columbian exchanged (which began when Columbus connected the Americas) and from the Spanish explorers mass slaughtering (killing 19 of every 20 Native Americans). His discovery led to the Columbian exchange which essentially spread various plants, animals, and microbes between Afro-Eurassia and the Americas, creating a huge demographic change.

Guns, Germs and steel -

encomienda system -established in 1512, created by the Spanish to control and regulate American Indian labor and behavior during the colonization of the Americas.

Reconquista -

Carolina colonies -Colonization started in the 1670's, rice was the main cash crop in the colonies. Slavery was the leading labor source with slaves outnumbering their owners. The Carolina's had a very rich upper class which was the minority owning slaves and land.

Anne Hutchinson -she was a Puritan spiritual adviser, an important participant in the antinomian controversy for the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636-1638

Middle Passage - The journey of slave ships over seas from the West African coast to the West Indies.

Differences between Puritans and Pilgrims - Puritans: Wanted to "purify" the church of England, wanted the church to separate from the monarchy, wanted smaller churches with plain preaching. Pilgrims: More extreme Puritans, wanted to break away from church of England instead of reform, Settled in Plymouth, Mass. 1620.

3 reasons why slavery flourished in the South - Cheap, Terms of service never expires, Children remain slaves

Virgin Soil epidemic -

3 advantages Native Americans had over explorers - 1. Population 2. Knowledge of local environment 3. (N/E) Archery skills.

protestant reformation -

  • Captain Tomba - Tomba was the headman of a group of villages which had opposed the slave trade. He was captured and taken aboard the Robert of Bristol. Captain Tomba showed incredible will after he was captured by trying to escape and killing three sailors. Tomba's story shows the brutality of the slave trade when the captain of the ship made two prisoners eat the "heart and liver" of another dead prisoner.
  • The Boatswain - "She kept order among her fellow enslaved women." with a fierce determination to keep them alive.
  • Cabin Boy Robinson - Was an 18 year old boy who rode the "Lady Nelson", hurt his ankle by jumping off the main deck because he was whipped by "lack of work". He also cited the brutality and said the slave trade was wrong.
  • Captain James Fraser - the significance of this story is that he was the "best" slaver. But if he was considered the best it still doesn't make what he did right.
  • Merchant Henry Laurens - was the wealthiest merchant. Quiet slave trade,bought land and got into politics. pages 35-36 *treaty of Paris.

Chapter 2

What specific technological advances in shipbuilding enabled the rise of "a world market and an internationalist capitalist system"? (Page 43) How was the slave ship and its crew central to that economic systems development?

Define the triangular trade. (page 47)How does this concept help us to understand the movement of peoples across various locations around the globe?

How did slave traders like Postlethwayt rationalize their involvement in the trade?

How was a typical slave ship's crew organized? What function did each crew member perform? (Hint: there are several roles you could mention)

Chapter 3

Rediker claims,"Slaving[ in the interior of Africa] had gone on for centuries."(page 77) What factors shaped or enabled the slave trade to thrive in West Africa?

What issues caused conflict between African cultural groups that led to the development of the slave trade?

What were some of the ways Africans were taken from their native lands? How did this affect them? What are some of the long lasting consequences of this loss?