• Theodore Roosevelt - denounced anarchy; criticized nation's social conditions; succeeded McKinley after he was assassinated September 6th, 1901; advocated for progressive change like regulation of corporations, support for unions, more elastic currency, railroad nationalization, which was a lot different than the political platform he followed under McKinley; led Rough Riders into battle at San Juan Hill and used his success to bolster his political standing; represents the beginning of modern presidency and helped move progressivism into the national political discussion; led conservation efforts by establishing National Parks like Yosemite, and also established 1906 Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act, won Nobel Peace Prize; after having discord with the Republican Party under which he originally ran, established the Bull Moose Party (also known as the Progressive Party); negotiated the construction of the Panama Canal; got the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
  • Progressivism -
  • W.E.B. DuBois -
  • National Women's Party -
  • Wilson's 14 Points - (January 8, 1918) Outlined how to reorganize and rebuild the world after the Great War; was a progressive attempt to address the national stage; Wilson believed that he needed to "be at the table" in discussions about the post-war world, but the US had not had as big a role in the war as other countries, so he felt this would give him a voice in negotiations; Wilson described this as a "war to end all wars," which demonstrated the progressive view that the future could be war-free with the right kind of changes internationally; 14th point established a League of Nations which would help prevent secret alliances and back-room deals that would cause conflict, also established major nations as mediators for smaller nations to reach amicable resolutions and improve trade relations between them, and would establish freedom of the seas (to prevent horrible acts like the sinking of the Lusitania again) and so that global trade would be more beneficial to more countries, and asks imperial powers to reconsider the colonial influence they had and its impact on the native people of those countries; Germany sued for peace based on the 14 Points because they believed it was the best deal they were going to get, but France and Britain were all, "nah." Treaty of Versailles (1918), the ultimate outcome of the war, did not get everything from the 14 Points accomplished, but did allow the US to have had a say in the outcomes.
  • Great Migration -
  • The Dust Bowl -
  • Crash of 1929 - Black Tuesday (October 24th,1929) was reflective of the change in investing that occurred over the decades leading up to this day, in that the stock market used to be just for rich investors, and now middle class people were buying in and led to a boom in business (the war had changed industry and contributed to the boom in business) because of the increase in investment. On Black Tuesday, 16 million shares were traded, which was a record and the Thursday before, a bunch of shares were sold also, but the rich bankers had stepped in to try and buoy people's confidence in the market, which worked until they had the weekend to get nervous again and on Monday they were selling again; was a contributing factor for the Great Depression because they crash made people stop buying durable goods, which led to overproduction, which led to deflation, which led to poverty; one of the reasons the increase in stock buying was problematic was because the lack of regulation led to the middle class buyers purchasing stock on margin, which means they got loans to buy it, which they hoped to pay off with the increased value of the stock itself; therefore, if the stock didn't go up in value, they couldn't actually pay for the loan that they bought it with in the first place.
  • The New Deal -
  • Bank Holiday - Government, including newly elected president Roosevelt, closed all the banks in the country down for 3 days (right after he took office, fixed the economy in 8 days) and then sent in inspectors to go over the paperwork of the bank to see if they are stable or not; when they reopened 20% of them were required to reorganize (make sure that they're stable and not holding bad loans), while another 5% were completely shut down because they had too risky of investments and could potentially fail; Glass-Steagall Act increases the power of the Federal Reserve to regulate banking;
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt -
  • Social Security -

Jeopardy Game!

Essay #2 Powerpoint