In general, here's how you "use" a quote in APA...

  1. Introduce the author(s)
  2. Cite the year in parentheses after the author(s) name
  3. Insert the quote (you should NEVER begin a sentence with a quote!)
  4. Cite the page number where you got the quote
  5. Explain the quote in your own words


Lunsford and Ruszkiewicz (2013) explain that "[t]rustworthiness and credibility speak to a writer's honesty, respect for an audience and its values, and plain old likeability" (p. 46). Ethos essentially asks us to consider why we should trust the author or speaker given the topic and context.

For an indirect source

There are various examples of ethos in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Women and Economics. For example, Gilman claims..."stuff from the text,"(as cited in Foner, 2014, p. 78). Explanation of quotation.

"References" Stuff

  • No "S" at the end of "Reference" if there's only one source
  • Required for any scholarly sources cited in your article (and, uh, pretty much every paper you do in college)! :)
  • In this genre (an online publication), hyperlinks are stylistically appropriate for popular references.
  • Even when hyperlinking, it's a good idea to "frame" your source. Mention who wrote the stuff you're linking to, if you have that information!

If all else fails, consult The Purdue OWL!