• Read HIST assignment BEFORE class so we may discuss:
    • The Columbian Exchange, Introduction: Using Sources to Study the Past
      • Be ready to discuss main ideas/themes. Your takeaways from the author(s).
  • How do you Annotate a Text?
    • Article on Taking Notes in Class:


Warm-Up: A mindful moment.


  • What did you make of the article on the Columbian Exchange? Thoughts, ideas, impressions?
  • What is the Columbian Exchange and why is it 'one of the more spectacular and significant ecological events of the past millennium?'
  • Why do the Amerindians call Plantago major by the name "Englishman's foot"?
  • What happens to the native flora on the Eastern coast? What were the intended and unintended consequences of these agricultural settlements?
  • Alfred W. Crosby writes, 'Indigenous peoples suffered from white brutality, alcoholism, the killing and driving off of game, and the expropriation of farmland, but all these together are insufficient to explain the degree of their defeat.' What does he cite as the source of their defeat?
  • Of the smallpox pandemic among the Algonquin of Massachusetts in the early 1630s: William Bradford of Plymouth Plantation wrote that the victims “fell down so generally of this disease as they were in the end not able to help one another, no not to make a fire nor fetch a little water to drink, nor any to bury the dead.” What type of source is this? Why do you think it was written? How would a historian use it?
  • The young women in the picture above have smallpox.